Sunflower spacing, seeding rate, plants density per hectare / acre, sowing (planting) unit of sunflower and sunflower spacing for optimal yield!
At this photo was made in time of our survey of oil sunflower fields in Ukraine. Ukraine now it is country that leads by sunflower growing efficiency and sunflower yield per acre in World! Sunflower give excellent yield only in case of good sowing and sunflower seeds spacing in row and also in case of good care from seeds to harvest!
Photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov
The main condition for obtaining high sunflower yields is the observance of the density of plants that standing in field before harvesting. It is right for all varieties that recommended by sunflower breeding companies - originators.
The density for each type of sunflower variety is different.
In addition, different sunflower varieties react differently to growing of plants density or changes in the seeding rate, since they have a different genetic nature, and react differently to environmental conditions.
Sunflower is very sensitive to mistakes in time of sowing!
To get a good and profitable yield of sunflower, you need good sowing and to regularly survey the fields and correctly apply pesticides and agrochemistry and fertilizers. And not only it...
Contact us for advising for excellent sunflower yield!
Sunflower is a crop that significantly reduces yield with an uneven distribution of seeds across the field and with an increase in plant density!
Typical sunflower spacing is 70 cm (27,6 in) between rows and 20 cm (7,9 in) between plants/ seeds in row. For drought conditions this destination is more - 25-40 cm (9,8-15,7 in) depends of climate conditions.
In most cases, the seed rate of sunflower crop is: 40-80 thousand seeds / ha (16,2-32,4 thousand seeds per acre).
Seeding rate for sunflower depending from:
The optimum sunflower density at the time of harvesting, depending of the type of variety and soil and the growing zone, should be within 35-60 thousand plants / ha.
The procedure for calculating the density of sunflower plants per hectare is as follows:
It must be borne in mind that under field conditions, field germination of sunflower seeds is 10-25% lower than laboratory germination.
Approximately 3-15% of plants die during seedling harrowing, and up to 2-15% during inter-row cultivation or Side Dressing.
Therefore, when sowing, the premium to the recommended seeding rate can be up to 5-40%. Number depends from conditions of field and technology.
Using modern equipment and technologies makes it possible to reduce the cost of sunflower seeds and increase the survival of sunflower plants!
Sunflower Seeding Record Results in Bulgaria. Was using of 12-row planter Vaderstad Tempo, which works in conjunction with a tractor Case IH Magnum 340, crop 3060 acres of sunflowers. But for farmer need optimal speed - optimal speed of planter it good results of yield!
Video source Titan Machinery Bulgaria
It is recommended to buy seeds only from suppliers that have a good reputation - from official distributors of companies - originators of sunflower varieties. This is the best way to get of quality and good seeds.
And ask your supplier about one fraction of sunflower seeds - it give about 10-20% plus to sunflower yield level. Good sunflower seeds caliber in is significant additional yield! All sunflower seeds in bag must be the same size / same fraction!
Upon receipt of seeds, it is advisable to check in advance, before sowing, the correctness of the indicators of laboratory germination indicated on the labels. For these purposes, test seed germination is carried out in order to determine germination and germination energy.
The following method is used to determine germination and germination energy of sunflower seeds.
Sunflower seeds are germinated in the dark at a temperature of 20-30°C.
Need to take four batches of one hundred seeds, four seed trays with lids (you can cover them with appropriate glass or plastic) and filter paper.
The paper is placed in trays and moistened with water, then the seeds of each batch are carefully laid out on it (100 pcs. in each tray).
From above, the seeds are covered with several more layers of filter paper (water should only wet the paper, but not cover the seeds).
The remaining water is carefully drained. The paper should be wet throughout the germination period.
Germination energy is calculated on the third day.
Germination is counted on the fifth to eighth day.
We count the number of normally germinated seeds in each batch, summarize this number and divide by 4. For example, in the first batch 95 seeds germinated, in the second - 97, in the third - 94, in the fourth - 92. We calculate the germination:
(95 + 97 + 94+ 92) / 4 = 94.5%
If before germination, the last yield seeds will be warmed up at 30 ° C for ten days - it will be more good germination.
At this photo - good germination of sunflower seeds in field. And also it possible to see the excellent sunflower seeds spacing (in cm) as was using a good planter. Good placement sunflower seeds in row. Need using good calibrated seeds and good planter. This sunflower field located in climatic and soil zone that optimal for sunflower growing. At this field sunflower spacing is 21 cm (8,2 in) between plants / seeds in row. In drought conditions the destination between sunflower seeds will be more. Photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov
In time of sowing sunflower it also recommended to keep and store:
If it turns out that the seeds are substandard or uneven development of the plants and splitting are observed in the field, then it will be possible to make a complaint to the supplier.
What is sowing rate for sunflower?
When sowing in arid conditions, the seeding rate is reduced. Sowing rate depends from variety and conditions of growing:
Determination of sunflower plants density, depending on soil and climatic conditions
What is a sowing / planting unit of sunflower?
Most breeding companies - originators of seeds offer seeds that have already been pickled and packaged in bags per sowing units (s.u.) / planting units (p.u.).
One sowing unit of sunflower seeds it is a 150 thousand seeds; it is calculated on average at 2,5 hectares (with a sowing rate of 60 thousand seeds / ha).
At the photo - independent audits and monitoring of sunflower fields allow to determine the real situation, i.e., you can identify what is in reality - it is possible to effective monitor of situation with your investments, and business.
Photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov
© All rights reserved. Copyright protection and site rules
© Agricultural Consulting Service. Technical audit of agribusiness. Agricultural business projects and agricultural companies turnkey. Agribusiness consulting. Increasing the profitability of the agricultural business, obtaining additional profits
© Copyright 2021 Agricultural Consulting Service. All Rights Reserved.